Musical Modes

See also Modes Circles

Lower and upper tetrachords in brackets.

Diatonic (Major) scale modes

1. (221)2(221) Ionian
2. (212)2(212) Dorian
3. (122)2(122) Phrygian
4. (222)1(221) Lydian
5. (221)2(212) Mixolydian
6. (212)2(122) Aeolian
7. (122)1(222) Locrian

Melodic Minor scale modes

1. (212)2(221) Melodic Minor, Jazz Minor, Mela Gaurimanohari, Raga Patdip, Velavali, Deshi(2), Hawaiian
2. (122)2(212) Dorian b2, Jazz Minor inverse, Mela Natakapriya, Phrygian-Mixolydian, Raga Natabharanam, Ahiri Todi
3. (222)2(121)Lydian #5
4. (222)1(212)Lydian b7, Lydian Dominant, Mela Vacaspati, Raga Bhusavati
5. (221)2(122)Melodic Major, Mixolydian b6, Raga Charukeshi
6. (212)1(222)Locrian #2, Minor Locrian, Half Diminished, Minor b5
7. (121)2(222)Locrian b4, Jazz: Altered, Super Locrian, Diminished Whole-tone

Neapolitan Major scale modes

1. (122)2(221)Neapolitan Major, Phrygian Major, Mela Kokilapriya, Raga Kokilaravam
2. (222)2(211)Leading Whole-tone
3. (222)2(112)Lydian Augmented Dominant
4. (222)1(122)Lydian Minor, Mela Risabhapriya, Raga Ratipriya
5. (221)1(222)Major Locrian
6. (211)2(222)Semi Locrian b4
7. (112)2(222)Super Locrian bb3

Neapolitan Minor scale modes

1. (122)2(131) Neapolitan Minor
2. (222)1(311) Lydian #6
3. (221)3(112) Mixolydian #5
4. (213)1(122) Hungarian Gypsy, Aeolian #4
5. (131)1(222) Locrian #3, Oriental flat 6
6. (311)2(221) Ionian #2
7. (112)2(213) Ultralocrian bb3

Harmonic Minor scale modes

1. (212)2(131)Harmonic Minor, Spanish Gipsy, Pilu That, Mela Kiravani, Raga Kiranavali, Kirvani, Kalyana Vasantha, Deshi(3), Maqam Bayat-e-Esfahan, Sultani Yakah, Zhalibny Minor
2. (122)1(312)Locrian #6
3. (221)3(121)Ionian #5
4. (213)1(212)Dorian #4, Romanian Minor, Mela Hemavati, Raga Desisimharavam, Maqam Nakriz, Tunisian, Hedjaz, Misheberekh: Jewish, Souzinak (Peiraiotiko Minore), Nigriz: Greece, Kaffa, Gnossiennes
5. (131)2(122)Phrygian Dominant, Hijaz, Spanish Gypsy (Flamenco), Balkan, Phrygian Major, Ahava Rabah, Mixolydian b2 b6
6. (312)1(221)Lydian #2
7. (121)2(213)Ultralocrian, Super Locrian bb7, Diminished

Harmonic Major scale modes

1. (221)2(131) Harmonic Major, Ionian b6
2. (212)1(312) Dorian b5
3. (121)3(122) Phrygian b4
4. (213)1(221) Lydian b3, Jazz Minor sharp 4
5. (131)2(212) Mixolydian b2
6. (312)2(121) Lydian #2 #5
7. (122)1(213) Locrian bb7

Hungarian scale modes

1. (312)1(212) Hungarian Major, Lydian #2 b7, Mixolydian #2 #4
2. (121)2(123) Superlocrian bb6 bb7
3. (212)1(231) Harmonic Minor b5
4. (121)2(312) Superlocrian #6
5. (212)3(121) Jazz Minor #5, Melodic Minor #5
6. (123)1(212) Dorian b9 #11
7. (231)2(121) Lydian Augmented #3, Lydian #3 #5

Double Harmonic scale modes

1. (131)2(131)Double Harmonic Major, Major Gipsy, Bizantine, Charhargah
2. (312)1(311)Lydian #2 #6
3. (121)3(113)Ultra Phrygian, Phrygian b4 bb7, Ultralocrian natural 5
4. (213)1(131)Double Harmonic Minor, Hungarian Gypsy, Algerian, Minor Gipsy
5. (131)1(312)Oriental, Mixolydian b2 b5
6. (311)3(121)Ionian Augmented #2
7. (113)1(213)Locrian bb3 bb7

Standard Pentatonic scale modes:

1. 22323 Major Pentatonic
2. 23232 Suspended Pentatonic
3. 32322 Man Gong
4. 23223 Scottish Pentatonic
5. 32232 Minor Pentatonic

Japanese Pentatonic scale modes:

In Sen

1. 14232 In Sen
2. 21423 Akebono I

Hirajoshi

1. 21414 Hirajoshi, Kata-kumoi
2. 14142 Iwato
3. 41421 Kumoi, Raga Bhinna Shadja (India)
4. 14214 Hon-Kumoi-Joshi, Miyako-Bushi, Akebono II
5. 42141 Raga Amritavarshini (India)

Pygmy

1. 21432 Pygmy
2. 43221 Raga Mamata
3. 32214 Raga Kokil Pancham